Spinal Cord Injury Facts
A spinal cord injury can happen to anyone at any time, is one of the most traumatic events to occur in an individual’s life. It affects family, friends, employers, community and the health care system. An individual can make a positive adjustment to life with a spinal cord injury given the right supports at the right time. On average, it can takes 2 to 3 years to gain sufficient independence following a spinal cord injury. Intensive psycho-social support is a critical component to rehabilitation from the onset of injury, through acute hospitalization, rehabilitation and transition to community living.
Traumatic Spinal Cord Injurie’s
Traumatic SCI’s can include Paraplegia, Quadriplegia, Tetraplegia and Hemiplegia. Congenital SCI’s can include Spina Bifida and Osteogenesis Imperfecta (a congenital bone disease sometimes known as Brittle Bone Disease). Other SCI’s can include muscle weakness, Injury, and strains.
A loss of function can occur without the spinal cord being severed. It is cellular damage which leads to a loss in function. A person can break their neck or back, yet not sustain a SCI if the bones around the spinal cord are damaged without impact to the spinal cord itself.
Impact of Spinal Cord Injury
Individuals with a SCI are often less physically active and as a result, may miss out on the health benefits gained through physical activity. A person’s level of fitness, independence, ability to interact within their community, and their overall quality of life may be negatively impacted as a result of physical inactivity.